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Research Areas

English Language and Linguistics

Professor Paul Baker

Professor Paul Baker

Professor

County South
Lancaster University
Bailrigg
Lancaster
United Kingdom
LA1 4YL


Tel: +44 1524 592442

Affiliations

Research in Language, Gender and Sexuality
UCREL - University Centre for Computer Corpus Research on Language

My research interests include corpus linguistics, language and gender/sexual identities and critical discourse analysis. Books include: Corpus Linguistics and Sociolinguistics (2010), Sexed Texts: Language, Gender and Sexuality (2008), Using Corpora in Discourse Analysis (2006), Public Discourses of Gay Men (2005) and Polari: The Lost Language of Gay Men (2002). I am the commissioning editor for the journal Corpora.

PhD Supervision Interests

Most of my PhD students are involved in corpus linguistics, (critical) discourse analysis, language and identities or a combination of these. I am most interested in supervising research which highlights or challenges inequalities and/or can be demonstrated as making a positive impact on society.

My current PhD students are working on the following topics:
A corpus study examining how The Guardian reports on the topic of journalism
Discourses of disease and disaster in American newspapers
Construction of Islam in the BBC sitcom Citizen Khan
Metrosexuality in Malaysia
Discourses of infertility in blogs, news and clinic websites
Ideology and argumentation in Salafi Discourse
Representation of dialect in fiction

Recent PhDs I supervised to completion:
A corpus-based examination of the concept of political correctness in British broadsheet newspapers
The language of marriage rituals in Botswana
Combining corpus approaches and CDA to examine discourses of terrorism in the British and Chinese popular press
Combining corpus approaches and CDA to examine discourses of homophobia in a right-wing political organisation
A corpus study to compare lexical bundle use of Chinese learners of English with native speakers of English
A corpus study of keywords to examine gender identity in British and Malaysian children's writing
The construction of gender identity in Iranian bloggers
A corpus-based comparison of two academic books about Wahhabi Islam

Current Teaching

I currently teach various modules in Corpus Linguistics at MA level (on four different schemes), have several PhD students and supervise third year UG dissertations.

Additional Information

The BE06 Corpus

The BE06 Corpus is a one million word corpus of published general written British English. It has the same sampling frame as the LOB and FLOB corpora. This consists of 500 files of 2000 word samples taken from 15 genres of writing.

Eighty-two per cent of the texts were published between 2005 and 2007, while the remainder were published in 2003-4 and early 2008. The median sampling point is 2006, hence the title BE06 (British English 2006). Link to a pdf of the powerpoint slides for a talk I gave at the Lancaster Corpus Research Group on the corpus (June 16th 2008).

Using the corpus

Due to copyright issues, there are no plans to make the corpus files fully available. However, the corpus has been placed on the CQP (Corpus Query Processor) system at Lancaster University and users can carry out concordances, get distribution information (and eventually have access to collocation information). Contact Andrew Hardie in order to obtain a username and password.

Additionally, the following links give frequency lists of the BE06 in various formats (right click on the link and then save it).

BE06 in AntConc format

BE06 Wordlist in WordSmith 5 format

BE06 Wordlist in Wordsmith 4 format

BE06 Wordlist in WordSmith 3 format

The AmE06 Corpus

The AmE06 Corpus is a one million word corpus of published general written American English, also using the same sampling frame as the LOB and FLOB corpora. This consists of 500 files of 2000 word samples taken from 15 genres of writing. The vast majority of the texts were published in 2006. The corpus is also available via CQPweb, and the wordlist is available below.

AmE06 in AntConc format

AmE06 Wordlist in WordSmith 5 format

Current Research

Publications

Books

Baker, P. (2014) Using Corpora to Analyse Gender. London: Bloomsbury.

Baker, P. Gabrielatos, C. and McEnery. T. (2013) Discourse Analysis and Media Attitudes: The Representation of Islam in the British Press. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Baker, P. and Ellece, S. (2011) Key Terms in Discourse Analysis. London: Continuum.

Baker, P. (2010) Sociolinguistics and Corpus Linguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. More information

Baker, P. (ed.) (2009) Contemporary Corpus Linguistics. London: Continuum. More information

Baker, P. (2008) Sexed Texts: Language, Gender and Sexuality. London: Exquinox. More information

Baker, P. (2006) Using Corpora in Discourse Analysis. London: Continuum. More information

Baker, P., Hardie, A. & McEnery, A. (2006) A Glossary of Corpus Linguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Baker, P. (2005) Public Discourses of Gay Men. London: Routledge. More information

Baker, P. & Stanley, J. (2003) Hello Sailor! Seafaring life for gay men: 1945-1990. London: Pearson. More information

Baker, P. (2002) Fantabulosa: A Dictionary of Polari and Gay Slang. London: Continuum. More information

Baker, P. (2002). Polari: The Lost Language of Gay Men. London: Routledge. More information

Journals

I am commissioning editor of the journal Corpora published by Edinburgh University Press.

I am on the editorial board for the Journal of English Linguistics, the Journal of Language and Sexuality, Gender and Language, Applied Linguistics, Journalism and Discourse Studies, Text and Talk and Discourse Coherence, Cognition and Creativity.

Journal Articles

Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C. and McEnery T. (2013) ‘Sketching Muslims: A corpus-driven analysis of representations around the word “Muslim” in the British press 1998-2009' Applied Linguistics 34:3
255-78.

Baker, P. and Potts, A. (2013) '"Why do white people have thin lips?": Google and the perpetuation of stereotypes via auto-complete search forms." Critical Discourse Studies 10:2 187-204.

Baker, P. (2012) ‘From gay language to normative discourse: a diachronic corpus analysis of
Lavender Linguistics conference abstracts 1994-201.' Journal of Language and Sexuality 2:2 179-205.

Potts, A. and Baker. P. (2012) 'Does semantic tagging identify cultural change in British and American English?' International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 17:3 295-324.

Baker, P. (2012) 'Acceptable bias?: Using corpus linguistics methods with critical discourse analysis.' Critical Discourse Studies 9:3 247-256.

Gabrielatos, C., McEnery, T., Diggle, P., Baker. P. and ESRC (funder). (2012) 'The peaks and troughs of corpus-based contextual analysis.' International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 17:2 151-175.

Baker, P. (2011) 'Times may change but we'll always have money: a corpus driven examination of vocabulary change in four diachronic corpora.' Journal of English Linguistics 39: 65-88.

Baker, P. (2010) 'Will Ms ever be as frequent as Mr? A corpus-based comparison of gendered terms across four diachronic corpora of British English.' Gender and Language 4.1: 125-129.

Chen, Y. and Baker, P. (2010) 'Lexical Bundles in L1 and L2 Academic Writing.' Language Learning and Technology. 14: 2 30-49.

Baker, P. (2010) 'Representations of Islam in British broadsheet and tabloid newspapers 1999-2005.' Language and Politics. 9:2 310-338.

Baker, P. (2009) 'The BE06 Corpus of British English and recent language change.' International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 14:3 312-337.

Baker, P.,Gabrielatos, C., Khosravinik, M., Krzyzanowski, M., McEnery, T and Wodak, R. (2008) 'A useful methodological synergy? Combining critical discourse analysis and corpus linguistics to examine discourses of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK press.' Discourse and Society 19(3): 273-306.

Gabrielatos, C. and Baker, P. (2008) 'Fleeing, sneaking, flooding: a corpus analysis of discursive constructions of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK Press 1996-2005)' Journal of English Linguistics 36:1 pp. 5-38.

Baker, P. and McEnery, A. (2005) 'A corpus-based approach to discourses of refugees and asylum seekers in UN and newspaper texts.' Language and Politics 4:2 pp. 197-226(30).

Baker, P. Hardie, A. McEnery, A., Xiao, R., Bontcheva, K., Cunningham, H., Gaizauskas, R., Hamza, O., Maynard, D., Tablan, V., Ursu, C., Jayaram, B.D., Leisher, M. (2004) 'Corpus linguistics and South Asian languages: Corpus creation and tool development', Literary and Linguistic Computing, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 509-524.

Baker, P. (2004) 'Querying keywords: questions of difference, frequency and sense in keywords analysis.' Journal of English Linguistics. 32: 4 pp 346-359.

Baker, P. (2004) '"Unnatural acts"' Discourses of homosexuality within the House of Lords debates on gay male law reform Sociolinguistics 8:1 88-106.

Baker, P. (2002) 'Construction of Gay Identity via Polari in the Julian and Sandy Radio Sketches,' Lesbian and Gay Review, 3:3: pp 75-84.

Baker, P. (2001) 'Moral Panic and Alternative Identity Construction in Usenet'. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication 7:1.

Baker, P. Lie, M., McEnery, A. and Sebba, M. (2000) 'Building a Corpus of Spoken Sylheti', Literary and Linguistic Computing, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 419-431.

McEnery, A., Wilson, A.and Baker, P.(2000) 'Language teaching: corpus based help for teaching grammar', Journada de Corpus Linguistics, Volume 6, pp 65-77.

McEnery, A. Baker, P. Gaizauskas, R. & Cunningham, H. (2000) 'EMILLE: towards a corpus of South Asian languages', British Computing Society Machine Translation Specialist Group, London, pp 11-1 - 11-9.

McEnery, A. Wilson, A.and Baker, P. (1997) 'Teaching Grammar Again after Twenty Years: Corpus based help for grammar teaching.' New Approaches to Grammar Teaching, RECALL Journal, Volume 9, Number 2, pp 8-17.

Baker, P., McEnery, A.and Wilson, A. (1995) 'A brief report on a statistical analysis of corpus-based versus traditional human-teaching methods of part-of-speech analysis', Language Testing Update, Issue 18, pp 59-62.

McEnery, A., Baker, P. and Wilson, A. (1995) 'A Statistical Analysis of Corpus Based Computer vs Traditional Human Teaching Methods of Part of Speech Analysis', Computer Assisted Language Learning, Volume 8, Number 2-3, pp 259-274.

Baker, P. (1994) 'Lithium Discontinuation - A meta-analysis.' Lithium.

Book Chapters

Baker, P. and McEnery, A. (2014) '"'FIND THE DOCTORS OF DEATH': The UK Press and the Issue of Foreign Doctors Working in the NHS, a Corpus-Based Approach". In A. Jaworski and N. Coupland (eds) The Discourse Reader. London: Routledge.

Baker, P. (2014) '"Bad wigs and screaming mimis": Using corpus-Assisted techniques to carry out critical discourse analysis of the representation of trans people in the British press.' In C. Hart and P. Cap (eds) Contemporary Critical Discourse Studies. London, Bloomsbury: 211-236

Baker P. ‘Discourse and Gender'. (2013) In K. Hyland and B. Paltridge (eds) Continuum Companion to Discourse Analysis. London: Continuum.

Baker, P. (2013) ‘Corpus Linguistics and Sociolinguistics'. J . Holmes (ed). Research Methods in Sociolinguistics. A Practical Guide. Wiley Blackwell.

Baker, P. (2012) 'Corpora and Gender studies' In K. Hyland, C. M. Huat and M. Handford (eds) Corpus Applications in Applied Linguistics. London: Continuum, pp. 100-116.

Baker, P. (2012) ‘Diachronic lexical change in American English (1961-2006).' In J. Zhang (ed). A Morphologically-based Study of the Lexical Collocation Heterogeneity in EST Texts. Shanghai Jiaotong University.

Baker, P. (2011) 'Social involvement in Corpus Studies.' In V. Viana, S. Zyngier, and G. Barnbrook (eds) Perspectives on Corpus Linguisitcs. Amsterdam: John Benjamins pp.  17-28.

Baker, P. (2010) 'Corpus Linguistics'. L. Litosseleti (ed) Research Methods in Linguistics. London: Continuum, pp. 93-113.

Baker, P. (2009) 'Issues in teaching corpus-based discourse analysis' In L. Lombardo (ed). Using Corpora to Learn about Language and Discourse. Peter Lang, pp. 73-98.

Baker, P. (2009) 'Introduction' In P. Baker (ed) Contemporary Approaches to Corpus Linguistics. London: Continnum, pp. 1-8.

Baker, P. (2009) 'Language and Sexuality'. In J. Culpeper, F. Katamba, P. Kerswill, R. Wodak and T. McEnery (eds) English Language and Linguistics. London: Palgrave, pp. 550-563.

Baker, P. (2008) 'Eligible' bachelors and 'frustrated' spinsters: corpus linguistics, gender and language. In J. Sunderland, K. Harrington and H. Stantson (eds) Gender and Language Research Methodologies. London: Palgrave.

McEnery, T. and Baker, P. (2003) 'Corpora, translation and multilingual computing' in F. Zannetin (ed.) Corpora in Translator Education, St. Jerome Press, Manchester.

Baker, P. (2002) 'No Fats, Femmes or Flamers: Changing Constructions of Identity and the Object of Desire in Gay Men's Magazines.' B. Benwell (ed.) Masculinity and Men's Lifestyle Magazines. Sociological Review.

McEnery, A., Baker, P. and Cheepen, C. (2001) 'Lexis, Indirectness and Politeness in Operator Calls.' In C. Meyer & P. Leistyna. (eds.) Corpus Analysis: Language Structure and Language Use. Rodopi: Amsterdam.

Singh, S., McEnery, A. and Baker, P.(2000) 'Building a Parallel Corpus of English/Punjabi', in J. Veronis (ed) Parallel Text Processing. Kluwer: Dordrecht, pp 335-347.

McEnery, A.M., Baker, P. andHardie, A. (2000) 'Swearing and Abuse in Modern British English', in B. Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and P.J. Melia (eds.) Practical Applications of Language Corpora, Peter Lang: Hamburg, pp 37-48.

McEnery, A. and Baker, P. (2000) 'Minority Language Engineering', in B. Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk and P.J. Melia (eds.) Practical Applications of Language Corpora, Peter Lang: Hamburg, pp 411-428.

McEnery, A.M., Baker, P. andHardie, A. (2000) 'Assessing Claims about Language Use with Corpus Data - Swearing and Abuse', in J. Kirk (ed) Corpora Galore, Rodopi: Amsterdam, pp 45-55.

Baker, P. (1997) 'Consistency and Accuracy in Correcting Automatically Tagged Data.' In Corpus Annotation. R. Garside, G. Leech & A. McEnery (eds.) Longman Addison-Wesley, pp 243-250.

McEnery, A.M., Baker, P.& Hutchinson, J.E. (1997) 'A Corpus Based Grammar Tutor'. In R.G. Garside, G.N. Leech & A.M. McEnery (eds.) Corpus Annotation, Longman Addison-Wesley, pp 209-219.

Conference Proceedings

Xiao, Z, McEnery, A, Baker, P and Hardie, A (2004) 'Developing Asian language corpora: standards and practice'. In: Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, Sanya, China.

Baker, P, Hardie, A, McEnery, T and Jayaram, BD (2003) 'Constructing corpora of South Asian languages'. In: Archer, D, Rayson, P, Wilson, A, and McEnery, T (eds.) (2003) Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics 2003 conference. UCREL Technical Papers Volume 16. Department of Linguistics, Lancaster University.

Baker, P, Hardie, A, McEnery, AM and Jayaram, BD (2003) 'Corpus data for South Asian language processing'. In: Proceedings of the EACL Workshop on South Asian Languages, Budapest.

Tablan, V., Ursu, C., Bontcheva, K., Cunningham, H., Maynard, D., Hamza, O., McEnery, T., Baker, P. & Leisher, M. (2002) 'A Unicode-based Environment for Creation and Use of Language Resources,' in LREC 2002 Proceedings, pp 66-71.

Baker, P, Hardie, A, McEnery, A, Cunningham, H and Gaizauskas, R (2002) 'EMILLE, a 67-million word corpus of Indic languages: data collection, markup and harmonisation'. In: Proceedings of LREC 2002.

Baker, P, Hardie, A, McEnery, A and Siewierska, A (eds.) (2000) Proceedings of the Third Discourse Anaphora and Reference Resolution Colloquium (2000). UCREL Technical Papers Volume 12 Special Issue. Department of Linguistics, Lancaster University.

McEnery, T., Baker, P., and Burnard, L. (2000) 'Corpus Resources and Minority Language Engineering', in M. Gavrilidou, G. Carayannis, S. Markantontou, S. Piperidis and G. Stainhauoer (eds) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, Athens, Greece, pp. 801-806.

McEnery, A. and Baker. P. (1998) 'Intergrating the Intranet into the teaching of linguistics.' (1998). The Future of the Humanities in the Digital Age. International Conference Bergen, Norway. 138-140.

2014

Using corpora to analyse gender

Baker, P. 2/01/2014 London: Bloomsbury. 240 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

2013

Sketching Muslims: a corpus driven analysis of representations around the word ‘Muslim’ in the British press 1998–2009

Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C. & McEnery, T. 2013 In: Applied Linguistics. 34, 3, p. 255-278 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

From gay language to normative discourse: a diachronic corpus analysis of Lavender Linguistics conference abstracts 1994–2012

Baker, P. 2013 In: Journal of Language and Sexuality. 2, 2, p. 179-205 26 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

“Why do white people have thin lips?”: Google and the perpetuation of stereotypes via auto-complete search forms

Baker, P. & Potts, A. 2013 In: Critical Discourse Studies. 10, 2, p. 187-204 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Discourse analysis and media attitudes: the representation of Islam in the British press

Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C. & McEnery, T. 2013 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 280 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

2012

Does semantic tagging identify cultural change in British and American English?

Potts, A. & Baker, P. 2012 In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 17, 3, p. 295-324 30 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Acceptable bias?: Using corpus linguistics methods with critical discourse analysis

Baker, P. 2012 In: Critical Discourse Studies. 9, 3, p. 247-256 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

The peaks and troughs of corpus-based contextual analysis

Gabrielatos, C., McEnery, T., Diggle, P., Baker, P. & ESRC (Funder) 1/01/2012 In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 17, 2, p. 151-175 25 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Corpora and gender studies

Baker, P. 2012 Corpus applications in applied linguistics. Hyland, K., Chau, M. H. & Handford, M. (eds.). London: Continuum, p. 100-116 17 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

2011

Social involvement in Corpus Studies

Baker, P. 2011 Perspectives on Corpus Linguistics. Viana, V., Zyngier, S. & Barnbrook, G. (eds.). Amsterdam: John Benjamins, p. 17-28 12 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter (peer-reviewed)

Key Terms in Discourse Analysis

Baker, P. & Ellece, S. 2011 London: Continuum. 234 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Times may change but we'll always have money: a corpus driven examination of vocabulary change in four diachronic corpora.

Baker, P. 2011 In: Journal of English Linguistics. 4, 1, p. 65-88 23 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2010

Sociolinguistics and Corpus Linguistics

Baker, P. 2010 Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 189 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Representations of Islam in British broadsheet and tabloid newspapers 1999-2005

Baker, P. 2010 In: Journal of Language and Politics. 9, 2, p. 310-338 28 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Lexical Bundles in L1 and L2 Academic Writing.

Baker, P. & Chen, Y-H. 2010 In: Language Learning and Technology. 14, 2, p. 30-49 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

'Will Ms ever be as frequent as Mr?: A corpus-based comparison of gendered terms across four diachronic corpora of British English

Baker, P. 2010 In: Gender and Language. 4, 1, p. 125-149 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2009

Contemporary Corpus Linguistics

Baker, P. (ed.) 2009 London: Continuum. 357 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsAnthology

The BE06 Corpus of British English and recent language change.

Baker, P. 2009 In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 14, 3, p. 312-337 26 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2008

Sexed texts: language, gender and sexuality.

Baker, P. 2008 London: Equinox. 300 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Fleeing, sneaking, flooding: a corpus analysis of discursive constructions of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK Press 1996-2005

Gabrielatos, C. & Baker, P. 03/2008 In: Journal of English Linguistics. 36, 1, p. 5-38 34 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2006

Using corpora in discourse analysis.

Baker, P. 2006 London: Continuum. 198 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Corpus-building for South Asian languages

Hardie, A., Baker, P., McEnery, T. & Jayaram, B. D. 2006 Lesser-known languages in South Asia: Status and Policies, Case Studies and Applications of Information Technology. Saxene, A. & Borin, L. (eds.). Mouton de Gruyter, p. 211-242 32 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

A glossary of corpus linguistics.

Baker, P., Hardie, A. & McEnery, T. 2006 Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 192 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

2005

Public Discourses of Gay Men

Baker, P. 2005 London: Routledge. 266 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

A corpus-based approach to discourses of refugees and asylum seekers in UN and newspaper texts.

Baker, P. & McEnery, T. 2005 In: Journal of Language and Politics. 4, 2, p. 197-226 30 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2004

Developing Asian language corpora: standards and practice.

Xiao, R. Z., McEnery, A. M., Baker, J. P. & Hardie, A. 25/03/2004 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper

'Unnatural acts' Discourses of homosexuality within the House of Lords debates on gay male law reform.

Baker, P. 2004 In: Journal of Sociolinguistics. 8, 1, p. 88-106 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Querying keywords: questions of difference, frequency and sense in keywords analysis.

Baker, P. 12/2004 In: Journal of English Linguistics. 32, 4, p. 346-359 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Computational linguistics meets metadata, or the automatic extraction of key words from full text content

Deegan, M., Short, H., Archer, D., Baker, P., McEnery, T. & Rayson, P. 15/04/2004 In: RLG Diginews. 8, 2

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Corpus linguistics and South Asian languages: corpus creation and tool development.

Baker, P., Hardie, A., McEnery, T., Xiao, R. Z., Bontcheva, K., Cunningham, H., Gaizauskas, R., Hamza, O., Maynard, D., Tablan, V., Ursu, C., Jayaram, B. D. & Leisher, M. 11/2004 In: Literary and Linguistic Computing. 19, 4, p. 509-524 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2003

Hello sailor!: The hidden history of gay life at sea

Baker, P. & Stanley, J. 2003 London: Longman. 257 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

No fats, femmes or flamers: changing constructions of identity and the object of desire in gay men's magazines.

Baker, J. P. 2003 Masculinity and men's lifestyle magazines.. Benwell, B. & Edwards, T. (eds.). Oxford: Blackwell, p. 243-260 18 p. (Sociological review monographs)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Corpora, translation and multilingual computing.

Baker, P. & McEnery, A. M. 2003 Corpora in translator education. Zannetin, F. (ed.). Manchester: St. Jerome Press, p. 89-102 14 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Corpus data for South Asian language processing.

Baker, P., Hardie, A., McEnery, T. & Jayaram, B. D. 2003 Proceeding of the EACL workshop on South Asian languages. Budapest, p. 1-8 8 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Constructing corpora of South Asian languages.

Baker, P., Hardie, A., McEnery, T. & Jayaram, B. D. 2003

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper

2002

Fantabulosa: The dictionary of Polari and gay slang

Baker, P. 2002 London: Continuum. 242 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Polari: the lost language of gay men.

Baker, J. P. 2002 Routledge. 215 p.

Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

Construction of gay identity via Polari in the Julian and Sandy radio sketches.

Baker, P. 2002 In: Lesbian and Gay Review. 3, 3, p. 75-83 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A unicode-based environment for creation and use of language resources.

Tablan, V., Ursu, C., Bontcheva, K., Cunningham, H., Maynard, D., Hamza, O., McEnery, A. M., Baker, P. & Leisher, M. 2002 Proceedings of LREC 2002. p. 66-71 6 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Lexis, indirectness and politeness in operator calls.

McEnery, A. M., Baker, J. P. & Cheepen, C. 2002 New frontiers in corpus research. Peters, P., Collins, P. & Smith, A. (eds.). Amsterdam: Rodopi, p. 53-69 17 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

EMILLE: a 67-million word corpus of Indic languages: data collection, mark-up and harmonization.

Baker, P., Hardie, A., McEnery, T., Cunningham, H. & Gaizauskas, R. 2002 Proceedings of LREC 2002. Lancaster: Lancaster University, p. 819-827 9 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

2001

Moral panic and alternative identity construction in usenet.

Baker, P. 2001 In: Journal of Computer Mediated Communication. 7, 1

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

2000

Swearing and abuse in modern British English

McEnery, T., Baker, P. & Hardie, A. 2000 PALC ’99: Practical Applications in Language Corpora: Papers from the International Conference at the University of Lódz, 15-18 April 1999. Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, B. & Melia, P. (eds.). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, p. 37-48 12 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsPaper

Building a parallel corpus of English/Punjabi.

Singh, S., McEnery, A. M. & Baker, J. P. 2000 Parallel text processing. Veronis, J. (ed.). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 335-347 13 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Language teaching: corpus based help for teaching grammar.

McEnery, A. M., Wilson, A. & Baker, J. P. 2000 In: Jornada de Corpus Linguistics. 6, p. 65-77 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

EMILLE: towards a corpus of South Asian languages.

McEnery, A. M., Baker, J. P., Gaizauskas, R. & Cunningham, H. 2000 In: Br. Comput. Soc. Machine Trans. Specialist Group. 11, p. 1-9 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Corpus resources and minority language engineering.

McEnery, A. M. & Baker, P. 2000 Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on language resources and evaluation. Burnard, L., Gavrilidou, M., Carayannis, G., Markantontou, S., Piperidis, S. & Stainhauoer, G. (eds.). Athens, p. 801-806 6 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Minority language engineering.

McEnery, A. M. & Baker, J. P. 2000 Practical applications of language corpora. Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, B. & Melia, P. J. (eds.). Hamburg: Peter Lang, p. 411-428 18 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Building a corpus of spoken sylheti.

Baker, J. P., Lie, M., McEnery, A. M. & Sebba, M. 12/2000 In: Literary and Linguistic Computing. 15, 4, p. 421-432 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Linguistic Corpora and Language Teaching: corpus based help for teaching grammar.

McEnery, T., Wilson, A. & Baker, J. P. 2000 VI Jornada de Corpus Lingüístics. Corpus lingüístics i ensenyament de llengües. Battaner, M. P. & López, C. (eds.). Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona.: Institut Universitari de Lingüística Aplicada, Vol. 6, p. 65-77 13 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Assessing claims about language use with corpus data – swearing and abuse.

McEnery, A. M., Baker, J. P. & Hardie, A. 2000 Corpora galore. Kirk, J. M. (ed.). Amsterdam: Rodopi, p. 45-55 11 p. (Language and computers: studies in practical linguistics)

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

Proceedings of the 3rd discourse anaphora and reference resolution colloquium.

Baker, P., Hardie, A., McEnery, T. & Siewierska, A. 2000 Lancaster: University Centre for Computer Corpus Research on Language Technical Papers, 237 p.

Research output: Working paper

1999

Building a corpus of spoken sylheti.

Lie, M., Baker, P., McEnery, A. M. & Sebba, M. 1999 Proceedings of the 3rd conference of the foundation for endangered languages. Ostler, N. (ed.). Bath: Foundation for Endangered Languages, p. 67-75 9 p.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsChapter

1997

Teaching grammar again after twenty years: Corpus based help for grammar teaching.

Baker, P., Wilson, A. & McEnery, T. 1997 In: RECALL Journal. 9, 2, p. 8-17 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1995

A Statistical Analysis of Corpus Based Computer vs Traditional Human Teaching Methods of Part of Speech Analysis

McEnery, T., Baker, P. & Wilson, A. 1995 In: Computer Assisted Language Learning. 8, 2-3, p. 259-274 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

A brief report on a statistical analysis of corpus-based versus traditional human-teaching methods of part-of-speech analysis

Baker, P., McEnery, T. & Wilson, A. 1995 In: Language Testing Update. 18, p. 59-62 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

1994

Lithium Discontinuation - A meta-analysis

Baker, P. 1994 In: Lithium.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

 

 

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