SLA bibliography

L2 research methods

General
  • Brown, A. and P. Dowling. 1988: Doing research/reading research: a mode of interrogation for education. Falmer Press.
  • Brown, J. D. 1988: Understanding research in second language learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Brown, J. D. and T. S. Rodgers. 2003: Doing second language research. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Chaudron, C. 2003: Data collection in SLA research. In Handbook of Second Language Acquisition, eds. C. J. Doughty and M. H. Long. Malden, MA: Blackwell. Pp. 762-828.
  • Gass, S. 2001: Innovations in second language research methods. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 21.
  • Gass, S. M. and L. Selinker. 2001: Second language acquisition. An introductory course. 2nd edition ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. (Chapter 2)
  • Gass, S., A. Sorace and L. Selinker. 1999: Second language learning data analysis. 2nd edition. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Gregg, K. 1993: Taking explanation seriously; or, let a couple of flowers bloom. Applied Linguistics 14, 3: 276-294.
  • Hawkins, R. 2001: The theoretical significance of Universal Grammar in SLA. Second Language Research 17, 4: 345-367.
  • James, C. 1998: Errors in language learning and use: exploring error analysis. London: Pearson Education.
  • Johnson, D. 1992: Approaches to research in second language learning. New York: Addison Wesley Longman.
  • Lakshmanan, U. and L. Selinker. 2001: Analyzing interlanguage: how do we know what learners know? Second Language Research 17, 4: 393-420.
  • Norris, J. M., and Ortega, L. 2003: Defining and measuring SLA. In Handbook of Second Language Acquisition, eds. C. J. Doughty and M. H. Long. Malden, MA: Blackwell. Pp. 717-761.
  • Nunan, David. 1996. Issues in SLA research: examining substance and procedure. In The handbook of second language acquisition, eds. William C Ritchie and Tej K Bhatia. San Diego: Academic Press. Pp. 349-374.
  • Perdue, C. (ed.) 1993: Adult language acquisition: crosslinguistic perspectives. Volume I: Field methods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Porte, G. K. 2002: Appraising research in second language learning. A practical approach to critical analysis of quantitative research. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Schwartz, B. D. and R. A. Sprouse. 2000: When syntactic theories evolve: consequences for L2 acquisition research, in J. Archibald, ed. Second Language Acquisition and Linguistic Theory. Oxford: Blackwell. Pp. 156-186.
  • Seliger, H. and E. Shohamy 1989: Second language research methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Selinker, L. and S. Gass. 1984: Workbook in second language acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
  • Tarone, E. E., S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen. (eds.) 1994: Research methodology in SLA. Theoretical and Methodological Issues. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Wei, L. 2000: Methodological questions in the study of bilingualism, in L. Wei, ed. The bilingualism reader. London: Routledge. Pp. 475-486.
  • Wray, A., A. Bloomer, and K. Trott 1998: Projects in linguistics. A practical guide to researching language. London: Arnold. (Chapters 5 and 18.)
L2 Testing issues
  • Douglas, D. 2001: Performance consistency in SLA and language testing research: a conceptual gap. Second Language Research 17, 4: 442-456.
  • Eckman, F. R. 1994: The competence-performance issues in SLA theory: a debate, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 3-15.
  • Elder, C., et al. (eds.) 2001: Experimenting with uncertainty. Essays in honour of Alan Davies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hagen, L. K. 1994: Constructs and measurement in parameter models of SLA, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 61-87.
  • Lussier, D., C. E. Turner and S. Desharnais. 1993: Measuring L2 proficiency in high school level exchange students. The Canadian Modern Language Review 49, 3: 526-549.
  • McNamara, T. 1996: Measuring second language performance. London: Longman.
  • Renou, J. M. 2000: Learner accuracy and learner performance: the quest for a link. Foreign Language Teaching 33, 2: 168-180.
  • Shohamy, E. 1994: The role of language tests in the construction and validation of SLA theories, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 133-142.
  • Thomas, M. 1994: Assessment of L2 proficiency in SLA research (Review article). Language Learning 44, 2: 307-336.
Judgment data
  • Bard, E., B. Robertson and A. Sorace. 1996: Magnitude estimation of linguistic acceptability. Language 72, 32-68.
  • Birdsong, D. 1989: Metalinguistic performance and interlinguistic competence. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Chaudron, C. 1983: Research in metalinguistic judgments: a review of theory, methods and results. Language Learning 33, 3: 343-377.
  • Clapham, C. 2001: The assessment of metalinguistic knowledge, in C. Elder, et al., eds. Experimenting with uncertainty. Essays in honour of Alan Davies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 33-43.
  • Cowart, W. 1997: Experimental syntax. Applying objective methods to sentence judgments. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
  • Davies, W. D. and T. Kaplan. 1998: Native speaker vs. L2 learner grammaticality judgments. Applied Linguistics 19, 2: 183-203.
  • Cowan, R. and Y. A. Hatasa. 1994: Investigating the validity and reliability of native speaker and L2 learner judgments about sentences, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 287-302.
  • Cowart, W. 1997: Experimental syntax. Applying objective methods to sentence judgments. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
  • Crain, S. and R. Thornton. 1998: Investigations in Universal Grammar. A guide to experiments on the acquisition of syntax and semantics. London: MIT Press.
  • Davies, W. D. and T. Kaplan. 1998: Native speaker vs. L2 learner grammaticality judgements. Applied Linguistics 19, 2: 183-203.
  • Derwing, T., M. M. Rossiter and M. Ehrensberger-Dow. 2002: They speaked and wrote real good: judgments of nonnative and native grammar. Language Awareness 11, 2.
  • Ellis, R. 1991: Grammaticality judgments and SLA. Second Language Research 13, 161-186.
  • Gass, S. M. 1994: The reliability in L2 grammaticality judgments, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 303-322.
  • Gordon, P. 1996: The truth-value judgment task, in D. Mcdaniel, C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns, eds. Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 211-231.
  • Goss, N., Z. Ying-Hua and J. P. Lantolf. 1994: Two heads may be better than one: mental activity in L2 grammaticality judgments, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 263-286.
  • Hu, G. 2002: Psychological constraints on the utility of metalinguistic knowledge in SLA. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 24, 3: 347-386.
  • Lakshmanan, U. and K. Teranishi. 1994: Preferences versus grammaticality judgments: some methodological issues concerning the Governing Category Parameter in SLA, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 185-206.
  • Mandell, P. B. 1999: On the reliability of grammaticality judgment tests in SLA research. Second Language Research 15, 1: 73-99.
  • McDaniel, D. and H. Smith Cairns. 1996: Elicited judgments of grammaticality and reference, in D. McDaniel, C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns, eds. Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 233-254.
  • Munnich, E., S. Flynn and G. Martohardjono. 1994: Elicited imitation and grammaticality judgement tasks: what they measure and how they relate to each other, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 227-243.
  • Murphy, V. 1997: The effect of modality on a grammaticality judgment task. Second Language Research 13, 1: 34-65.
  • Nagata, H. 1988: The reliability of linguistic intuition: the effect of repetition on GJs. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 17, 1: 1-17.
  • Schutze, C. 1996: The empirical base of linguistics. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
  • Sorace, A. 1988: Linguistic intuitions in interlanguage development: the problem of indeterminacy, in J. Pankhurst, M. Sharwood Smith and P. Van Buren, eds. Learnability and Second Languages: a book of readings. Dordrecht: Foris Publications.
  • Sorace, A. 1996: On gradiance and optionality in non-native grammars. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19, 4: 741-742.
  • Sorace, A. 1996: The use of acceptability judgments in SLA research. In W.C. Ritchie and T.K. Bhatia (eds): Handbook of second language acquisition. San Diego: Academic Press. Pp. 375-409.
Talk-alouds and related techniques
  • Jourdenais, R. 2001: Cognition, instruction and protocol analysis, in P. Robinson, ed. Cognition and second language instruction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 354-375.
Imitation techniques
  • Bley-Vroman, R. and C. Chaudron. 1994: Elicited imitation as a measure of L2 competence, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 245-261.
  • Lust, B., S. Flynn and C. Foley. 1996: What children know about what they say: elicited imitation as a research method for assessing children's syntax, in D. Mcdaniel, C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns, eds. Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 55-76.
  • Munnich, E., S. Flynn and G. Martohardjono. 1994: Elicited imitation and grammaticality judgement tasks: what they measure and how they relate to each other, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 227-243.
Techniques for collecting (spontaneous) production data
  • Demuth, K. 1996: Collecting spontaneous production data, in D. Mcdaniel, C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns, eds. Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 3-22.
  • Jarmulowicz, L. 1981: Assessing language production in children, in J. F. Miller, ed. Assessing language production in children: experimental procedures. Baltimore: University Park Press. 
  • Miller, J. F., T. Klee, P. Rhea and R. Chapman. 1981: Assessing language production in children. Experimental procedures. Baltimore: University Park Press.
  • Stromswold, K. 1996: Analysing children's spontaneous speech, in D. McDaniel, C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns, eds. Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 23-53.
  • Thornton, R. 1996: Elicited production, in D. McDaniel, C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns, eds. Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 77-102.
Techniques for eliciting narrative data
  • De Villiers, J. and T. Roeper. 1996: Questions after stories: on supplying context and eliminating it as a variable, in D. Mcdaniel, C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns, eds. Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 163-187.
Act-out techniques
  • Goodluck, H. 1996: The act-out task, in D. Mcdaniel, C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns, eds. Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 147-162.
Picture selection techniques
  • Gerken, L. and M. E. Shady. 1996: The picture selection task, in D. Mcdaniel, C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns, eds. Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 125-145.
Computer-based elicitation techniques
  • Ayoun, D. 2000: Web-based elicitation tasks in SLA research. Language Learning and Technology 3, 2: 77-98.
  • Gass, S. 2001: Sentence matching: a re-examination. Second Language Research 17, 4: 421-441.
  • Hulstijn, J. 2000: The use of computer technology in experimental studies of SLA: a survey of some techniques and some ongoing studies. Language Learning and Technology 3, 2: 32-43.
Techniques for L2 psycholinguistic research
  • Gass, S. 2001: Sentence matching: a re-examination. Second Language Research 17, 4: 421-441.
  • Heredia, R. and M. T. Stewart. 2002: On-line methods in bilingual spoken research, in R. Heredia and J. Altarriba, eds. Bilingual sentence processing. Elsevier. 
  • Hirsch-Pasek, K. and R. Michnick Golinkoff. 1996: The intermodal preferential looking paradigm: a window onto emerging language comprehension, in D. Mcdaniel, C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns, eds. Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 105-124.
  • Juffs, A. 2001: Psycholinguistically oriented second language research. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 21.
  • Marinis T. 2003: Psycholinguistic techniques in second language acquisition research. Second Language Research 19, 2: 144-161.
  • Mckee, C. 1996: Online methods, in D. McDaniel, C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns, eds. Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 189-208.
Transcription and coding
  • Feldweg, H. 1993: Transcription, storage and retrieval of data, in C. Perdue, ed. Adult language acquisition: crosslinguistic perspectives. Volume I: Field methods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 108-130.
  • LIPPS Group. 2000: The LIDES coding manual: a document for preparing and analyzing language interaction data. International Journal of Bilingualism 4, 2 (Special Issue).
  • MacWhinney, B. 2000: The CHILDES Project: tools for analysing talk. (3rd edition) Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Sokolov, J. L. and C. E. Snow. (eds.) 1994: Handbook of research in language development using CHILDES. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Young, R. and R. Bayley. 1996: VARBRUL analysis for SLA research, in R. Bayley and D. R. Preston, eds. Second language acquisition and linguistic variation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Pp. 253-306.
Techniques for the study of variation
  • Bayley, R. and D. R. Preston. (eds.) 1996: Second language acquisition and linguistic variation. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
  • Gass, S.M., C. G. Madden, D. R. Preston and L. Selinker, eds. 1989: Variation in second language acquisition: psycholinguistic issues. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
  • Preston, D. R. 1996: Variationist perspectives on SLA, in R. Bayley and D. R. Preston, eds. Second language acquisition and linguistic variation. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Pp. 1-45.
  • Sorace, A. 1988: Linguistic intuitions in interlanguage development: the problem of indeterminacy, in J. Pankhurst, M. Sharwood Smith and P. Van Buren, eds. Learnability and Second Languages: a book of readings. Dordrecht: Foris Publications. 
  • Sorace, A. 1996: On gradiance and optionality in non-native grammars. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19, 4: 741-742.
  • Young, R. 1989: Ends and means: methods for the study of interlanguage variation, in S. M. Gass, C. G. Madden, D. R. Preston and L. Selinker, eds. Variation in second language acquisition: psycholinguistic issues. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. Pp. 65-90.
  • Young, R. and R. Bayley. 1996: VARBRUL analysis for SLA research, in R. Bayley and D. R. Preston, eds. Second language acquisition and linguistic variation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Pp. 253-306.
Techniques for quantitative analysis
  • Bard, E., B. Robertson and A. Sorace. 1996: Magnitude estimation of linguistic acceptability. Language 72, 32-68.
  • Sorace, A. 1996: On gradiance and optionality in non-native grammars. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19, 4: 741-742.
  • Sorace, A. and D. Robertson. 2001: Measuring development and ultimate attainment in non-native grammars. In C. Elder, et al. (eds.): Experimenting with uncertainty. Essays in honour of Alan Davies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 264-274.
  • Young, R. and R. Bayley. 1996: VARBRUL analysis for SLA research, in R. Bayley and D. R. Preston, eds. Second language acquisition and linguistic variation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Pp. 253-306.
Techniques and resources for computer-based analyses
  • Jagtman, M. and T. Bongaerts. 1994: COMOLA: a computer programme for the analysis of interlanguage data. Second Language Research 10, 1: 49-83.
  • MacWhinney, B. 2000: The CHILDES Project: tools for analysing talk. (3rd edition) Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Pienemann, M. 1992: COALA -a computational system for interlanguage analysis. Second Language Research 8, 1: 59-92.
  • Sokolov, J. L. and C. E. Snow. (eds.) 1994: Handbook of research in language development using CHILDES. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Young, R. and R. Bayley. 1996: VARBRUL analysis for SLA research, in R. Bayley and D. R. Preston, eds. Second language acquisition and linguistic variation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Pp. 253-306.
Working with children
  • Chaney, C. 1984: Assessing the pragmatic abilities of children. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders 49, 12-17.
  • Crain, S. and R. Thornton. 1998: Investigations in Universal Grammar. A guide to experiments on the acquisition of syntax and semantics. London: MIT Press.
  • Jarmulowicz, L. 1981: Assessing language production in children, in J. F. Miller, ed. Assessing language production in children: experimental procedures. Baltimore: University Park Press.
  • Lust, B., S. Flynn, C. Foley and Y. Chien. 1999: How do we know what children know: problems and advances in establishing scientific methods for the study of language acquisition and linguistic theory, in W. C. Ritchie and T. K. Bhatia, eds. Handbook of child language acquisition. San Diego: Academic Press. Pp. 427-456.
  • McDaniel, D., C. Mckee and H. Smith Cairns. 1996: Methods for assessing children’s syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Miller, J. F., T. Klee, P. Rhea and R. Chapman. 1981: Assessing language production in children. Experimental procedures. Baltimore: University Park Press.
  • Rispoli, M. 2002: Theory and methods in the study of the development of case and agreement: a response to Schutze. Journal of Child Language 29, 151-159.
  • Schutze, C. 2001: Productive inventory and case/agreement contingencies: a methodological note on Rispoli (1999). Journal of Child Language 28, 507-515.
Methodological advice for research on specific topics
Effect of age of acquisition
  • Long, M. H. 1993: Second language acquisition as a function of age: research findings and methodological issues, in K. Hyltenstam and A. Viberg, eds. Progress and regression in language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Colombo, J. 1982: The critical period concept: research, methodology and theoretical concerns. Psychological Bulletin 91, 260-275.
Development and attainment
  • Sorace, A. and D. Robertson. 2001: Measuring development and ultimate attainment in non-native grammars. In C. Elder, et al. (eds.): Experimenting with uncertainty. Essays in honour of Alan Davies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 264-274.
Acquisition of pragmatics
  • Chaney, C. 1984: Assessing the pragmatic abilities of children. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders 49, 12-17.
  • Cohen, A. D. and E. Olshtain. 1994: Researching the production of L2 speech acts, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 143-156.
Role of input
  • Chaudron, C. 1985: A method for examining the input/intake distinction, in S. M. Gass and C. G. Madden, eds. Input and language acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House. Pp. 285-300.
Acquisition of Tense/Aspect
  • Bardovi-Harlig, K. 1994: Anecdote or evidence? Evaluating support for hypotheses concerning the development of Tense and Aspect, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 41-60.
  • Bayley, R. 1994: Interlanguage variation and the quantitative paradigm: Past Tense marking in Chinese-English, in E. E. Tarone, S. M. Gass and A. D. Cohen, eds. Research methodology in SLA. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Pp. 157-181.
Acquisition of case and agreement
  • Rispoli, M. 2002: Theory and methods in the study of the development of case and agreement: a response to Schutze. Journal of Child Language 29, 151-159.
  • Schutze, C. 2001: Productive inventory and case/agreement contingencies: a methodological note on Rispoli (1999). Journal of Child Language 28, 507-515.
Acquisition of clitics
  • Duffield, N. and L. White. 1999: Assessing L2 knowledge of Spanish clitic placement: converging methodologies. Second Language Research 15, 2: 133-160.
Acquisition of grammatical morphemes
  • Rosansky, E. 1976: Methods and morphemes in SLA research. Language Learning 26, 409-425.

Last modified by Florencia Franceschina on 07 May 2004